Vein Care Center of Oklahoma.Located at Saint Francis Heart Hospital
Vein Problems

What is Venous Insufficiency?

Venous Insufficiency is a long-term (chronic) condition frequently caused by incompetent valves in the veins in which the flow of blood can go in a reverse direction causing high pressure to develop in the veins (Venous Hypertension).

What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of venous insufficiency in the lower extremities are:

  • aching
  • heaviness
  • swelling

Sometimes these can also be accompanied with cramps, itching and tingling.

How do you develop Venous Insufficiency?
The predisposing causes are multiple. The primary cause is heredity. Other contributing factors may be age, pregnancy, trauma and obesity.

What are Spider Veins?

Spider Veins are small, superficial dilated blood vessels which may have their origin in venous insufficiency. These veins can appear reddish, pink or blue in color and measure less than 1mm in diameter. They can develop anywhere on the body but are often seen on the face around the nose, cheeks, and chin. They can also develop on the legs, specifically on the upper thigh, below the knee joint, and around the ankles.

Spider Veins

What are Reticular Veins?

Reticular Veins are larger dilated veins found beneath the surface of the skin. They appear blue or green in color. They measure between 1mm-3mm in diameter.

What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are abnormally distended and tortuous veins. They can occur in almost any part of the body but are usually found in the lower extremities.

Veins in the legs have valves which normally prevent any backflow of blood on its way to the heart. If the valves are not working properly, blood will pool causing bulging and enlargement of the vein walls.

The sluggishness imposed on the circulation to the skin and underlying tissues by back pressure from these veins may cause pain, discomfort, ulceration and edema (swelling).

Varicose Vein Treatment Oklahoma

What is Stasis Dermatitis?

Stasis dermatitis is changes in the skin that occur as a result of venous insufficiency. Blood and fluid collects (pools) in the veins of the lower leg. This in turn causes the blood cells to leak out of the veins into the tissue around the veins causing staining and hardening of the skin. Skin may have a dark brown color with a thick cobblestone appearance.

What is a Venous Ulcer?

Over time chronic swelling caused by venous insufficiency, and subsequently stasis dermatitis, can cause changes in texture of the skin making it susceptible to injury and subsequent ulceration.  Venous Ulcers represent over 80% of all lower extremity ulcerations.

Stasis Dermatitis Tulsa